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White Papers 10/16
Checking the Unchecked – How a Key Market Access Rule Laid the Foundation for A Stronger Financial System

The shift to electronic trading in the 90s and early 2000s made it possible for buy-side firms to connect directly to stock exchanges, via sponsored brokers, without the need for human interaction. In turn, this electronic access encouraged the development of intelligent algorithmic and automated trading strategies. However, as trading evolved to offer substantial advantages to the technologically savvy, questions were raised about whether the financial industry could manage the risks inherent to this direct and automated market access.

PDF (0.13 MB)
White Papers 10/16
RegNMS: Rules of Engagement for an Electronic Era

The technological advances that swept financial markets in the mid-1990s fundamentally changed the way securities were traded. The vast majority of these changes were positive – electronic trading lowered costs and made it possible to execute trades with unprecedented speed and accuracy, and across a growing number of venues and market centers.

PDF (0.15 MB)
White Papers 10/16
A Tick too Far: How Decimalization Changed the Industry (and Why it’s a Hot Topic Again)

In the mid-1990s, financial markets still had a long way to go in terms of achieving today’s levels of electronic sophistication and interconnectedness. Still, increased automation was helping drive a certain degree of uniformity and standardization in many of the world’s markets. For example, most of the world’s marketplaces had adopted a decimalized trading system in which share prices were quoted in penny (or local currency) increments.

PDF (0.20 MB)
White Papers 09/16
Embracing Transparency: How the SEC’s Order Handling Rules Redefined Market Making

The boom in electronic trading in the 1990s brought to light many inefficiencies in the ways equities were traded at the time. Specifically, NASDAQ market makers were under scrutiny for the methods they used to display stock quotes and liquidity. It was very similar to the scrutiny we see off-exchange trading experiencing today, and it led to considerable changes.

PDF (0.13 MB)
White Papers 09/16
Fidessa Celebrating 20 Years in the US: A Look Back (and a Leap Forward)

It’s been quite the journey since we opened our first office in New York twenty years ago. Electronic trading was already beginning to transform the global financial marketplace and Fidessa arrived as a small, UK-based, trading systems software house, ready to expand and build on its success on the other side of the Atlantic.

PDF (0.17 MB)
White Papers 09/16
Key to the Highway: The changing face of high and low touch execution

This paper looks at the ways in which high and low touch trading are adapting to meet the realities of trading in capital markets today. It outlines why the either/or approach of low and high touch is simply too crude a reflection of the requirements of the buy-side today and argues that what is needed instead is a more nuanced, converged approach that leverages technology where it is common to both and yet still empowers the different activities required.

PDF (0.32 MB)
White Papers 09/16
Unbundling: Picking the right option

Exploring the alternative approaches that have been defined to meet the requirements of MiFID II's unbundling rules.

PDF (0.11 MB)
Articles 05/16
East meets West - Chinese brokers continue international expansion

Examining the continuing expansion of Chinese brokers into international markets and the impact on the global financial landscape. 

PDF (0.14 MB)
White Papers 04/16
Natural Innovation: A theory of innovation for larger firms in financial markets

Examining how, by guiding and managing change in accordance with some of the deeper principles of natural selection, larger and more established firms can out-innovate their smaller, newer rivals. 

PDF (0.27 MB)
White Papers 04/16
Counter (party) intuitive

Examining how the counterparty landscape has changed for the buy-side and what can be done to ease the burden.

PDF (0.57 MB)